|1943 by topic|
|Lists of leaders|
|Birth and death categories|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Ab urbe condita||2696|
|Balinese saka calendar||1864–1865|
|British Regnal year||7 Geo. 6 – 8 Geo. 6|
|Chinese calendar||壬午年 (Water Horse)|
4640 or 4433
— to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
4641 or 4434
|- Vikram Samvat||1999–2000|
|- Shaka Samvat||1864–1865|
|- Kali Yuga||5043–5044|
|Japanese calendar||Shōwa 18|
|Julian calendar||Gregorian minus 13 days|
|Minguo calendar||ROC 32|
|Thai solar calendar||2486|
2069 or 1688 or 916
— to —
2070 or 1689 or 917
1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
- January 1 – WWII: The Soviet Union announces that 22 German divisions have been encircled at Stalingrad, with 175,000 killed and 137,650 captured.
- January 4 – WWII: Greek-Polish athlete and saboteur Jerzy Iwanow-Szajnowicz executed by the Germans at Kaisariani.
- January 10 – WWII: Guadalcanal Campaign: American forces of the 2nd Marine Division and the 25th Infantry Division begin their assaults on the Galloping Horse and Sea Horse on Guadalcanal. Meanwhile, the Japanese 17th Army makes plans to abandon the island and after fierce resistance withdraws to the west coast of Guadalcanal.
- January 11
- January 12 – WWII: Landing at Amchitka: American forces make an unopposed landing on Amchitka, an island of the Aleutian Islands, southwest of Alaska. The destroyer USS Worden moves into Constantine Harbor and disembarks a detachment of Alaska Scouts. During a maneuver, a strong current sweeps Worden onto a pinnacle rock that tears up the hull beneath the engine room – leaving the destroyer powerless. Later, Worden gets the order to abandon the ship and suffers the death of 14 Americans before the crew is rescued. After the island is cleared of Japanese, transports land some 2,100 men by the end of the day.
- January 13 – Anti-Nazi protests in Sofia result in 200 arrests and 36 executions.
- January 14–24 – WWII: Casablanca Conference: Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States; Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; and Generals Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud of the Free French forces meet secretly at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, to plan the Allied European strategy for the next stage of the war.
- January 15 – WWII: Guadalcanal Campaign – Operation Ke: Japanese forces begin to withdraw from Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands.
- January 16 – Iraq declares war on the Axis powers.
- January 18
- WWII: Soviet officials announce that the Red Army has broken the Wehrmacht's siege of Leningrad as part of Operation Iskra, opening a narrow land corridor to the city. Georgy Zhukov is promoted to Marshal of the Soviet Union.
- The first Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins: several day's engagements with the Germans limits the number of Jews deported at this time.
- January 21 – WWII: Pan Am Flight 1104 – Pan American Airways Martin M-130 flying boat crashes about 7 mi (11 km) southwest of Ukiah, California. All 10 passengers and 9 crew aboard are killed, including Admiral Robert H. English (at this time COMSUBPAC).
- January 22
- January 23
- January 27 – WWII: 50 bombers mount the first all American air raid against Germany: Wilhelmshaven is the target.
- January 29
- WWII: Operation Gallop: Russian forces of the Southwestern Front under General Nikolai Vatutin begin an offensive in the Donbas and break through the weak-defended German lines to the west of Voroshilovgrad.
- Nazi German police arrest alleged necrophiliac and serial killer Bruno Lüdke.
- The United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve (MCWR) is created.
- January 29–30 – WWII: Battle of Rennell Island – The Imperial Japanese Navy resists the United States Navy's attempt to interrupt the withdrawal of Japanese forces from Guadalcanal, in the last major naval battle of the Guadalcanal Campaign.
- January 29–31 – WWII: Battle of Wau – Australian forces, with United States support, resist a Japanese advance in the New Guinea campaign.
- January 30 – WWII: German General Friedrich Paulus is promoted to the rank of Field Marshal and instructed to fight to the death in Stalingrad, while Karl Dönitz is promoted to Commander in Chief of the German Navy, replacing Erich Raeder.
- February 2 – WWII: In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad comes to an end, with the surrender of the German 6th Army.
- February 3 – WWII: The Four Chaplains of the U.S. Army are among those drowned when their ship, Dorchester, is struck by a German torpedo in the North Atlantic.
- February 5 – Lt. General Frank M. Andrews is selected to command the U.S. armies in Europe, while General Dwight D. Eisenhower is assigned command in North Africa. Andrews will serve only 3 months, before dying in an airplane crash.
- February 6 – WWII: RCN corvette HMCS Louisburg is bombed and sunk off Oran, Algeria by Italian aircraft.
- February 7 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy SC 118 is attacked by U-boats, who sink 8 ships.
- February 9
- WWII: The Guadalcanal Campaign in the Solomon Islands ends with United States forces in command of Guadalcanal, the evacuation of Japanese forces in Operation Ke having been completed two days earlier.
- WWII: Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army begin, with the Parośla I massacre within the Reichskommissariat Ukraine.
- The Holocaust: Rue Sainte-Catherine Roundup – The Gestapo, directed by Klaus Barbie, arrest 86 Jews in Lyon.
- February 10–March 3 – Mohandas Gandhi (under arrest by forces of the British Raj in Pune as a member of the Quit India Movement) keeps a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment.
- February 13 – WWII: Operation Longcloth: Chindit forces (some 3,000 men) of the 77th Indian Infantry Brigade under Brigadier General Orde Wingate cross the Chindwin River and proceed into Burma.
- February 14 – WWII: Rostov-on-Don in Russia is liberated.
- February 14–17 – WWII: Battle of Sidi Bou Zid: In the Tunisia Campaign, German Panzer divisions commanded by Hans-Jürgen von Arnim are victorious over the United States Army.
- February 16 – WWII: The Soviet Union reconquers Kharkiv, but is later driven out in the Third Battle of Kharkiv.
- February 18
- February 19–24 – WWII: Battle of Kasserine Pass: German General Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps and other Axis forces launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia; it is the United States' first major battle defeat of the war. On February 22, an Anglo-American force halts the German advance near Thala, forcing the Germans to retreat; US bombers harass the retreating Panzers.
- February 20
- February 21 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy ON 166 is attacked by U-boats, which sink eleven ships.
- February 22
- February 23–24 – Cavan Orphanage Fire: 35 girls and a cook from St Joseph's Orphanage, an industrial school at Cavan, Ireland, are killed in a fire in their dormitories. A subsequent inquiry absolves the Poor Clares of blame.
- February 28 – Operation Gunnerside: 6 Norwegians, led by Joachim Rønneberg, successfully attack the heavy water plant at Vemork.
- March – Exiled French aviator Antoine de Saint-Exupéry's self-illustrated children's novella, The Little Prince, is published in New York City, the all-time best-selling book originating in French.
- March–December – History of computing hardware: British prototype Mark I Colossus computer is constructed (the world's first totally electronic programmable computing device) to assist in cryptanalysis of German signals at Bletchley Park.
- March 1 – Heinz Guderian becomes Inspector-General of the Armoured Troops for the German Army.
- March 1–2 – WWII: Koriukivka massacre – 6,700 inhabitants of Koriukivka are murdered in the Ukraine, by a German SS unit.
- March 2 – WWII: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – United States and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships, then strafe survivors in the water.
- March 3 – 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green, London.
- March 4
- March 4–6 – WWII: Battle of Fardykambos – Greek partisans and armed civilians force the surrender of an Italian army battalion.
- March 5 – The Gloster Meteor, the first Allied jet fighter, makes its first flight, in England.
- March 9–10 – WWII: North Atlantic convoy SC 121 is attacked by U-boats sinking seven ships.
- March 9 – Şükrü Saracoğlu forms the new government of Turkey (14th government; Şükrü Saracoğlu had served twice as a prime minister).
- March 10 – Banco Bradesco is founded in Marília, São Paulo, Brazil.
- March 12
- WWII: Italian occupation of Greece: The Italian occupying forces abandon the town of Karditsa to the partisans. On the same day, an Italian motorized column razes the village of Tsaritsani, burning 360 of its 600 houses and shooting 40 civilians.
- Aaron Copland's Fanfare for the Common Man is premiered by the Cincinnati Symphony Orchestra.
- March 13 – The Holocaust: Nazi German forces liquidate the Jews of the Kraków Ghetto, in Occupied Poland.
- March 14 – WWII: British submarine HMS Thunderbolt is sunk off Sicily by an Italian corvette, the second time this vessel has been lost with all hands.
- March 15 – WWII:
- Italian submarine Leonardo da Vinci sinks Canadian Pacific liner RMS Empress of Canada off Sierra Leone. Nearly half of the 392 fatalities are Italian prisoners of war.
- German forces recapture Kharkiv after four days of house-to-house fighting against Soviet troops, ending the month-long Third Battle of Kharkiv.
- March 16 – WWII: Battle of the Mareth Line: Allied forces of the British 8th Army under General Bernard Montgomery launch an offensive against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army.
- March 16–19 – WWII: 22 ships from Convoys HX 229/SC 122 and one U-boat are sunk in the largest North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
- March 17 (Saint Patrick's Day) – Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland, makes the speech "The Ireland That We Dreamed Of", commonly called the "comely maidens" speech, in Dublin Castle.
- March 22 – WWII: Khatyn massacre – The entire population of Khatyn, Belarus is burnt alive by German occupation forces.
- March 23 – The drugs Vicodin and Lortab are first produced in Germany.
- March 26 – WWII: Battle of the Komandorski Islands: In the Aleutian Islands, the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese troops attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska. During the engagement, heavy cruiser USS Salt Lake City is severely damaged by Japanese cruiser gunfire. Lasting for three and a half hours, it will be the longest continuous gunnery duel in modern naval history.
- March 27 – WWII: British Royal Navy escort carrier HMS Dasher (D37) is destroyed by an accidental explosion in the Firth of Clyde, killing 379 of the crew of 528.
- March 28 – In Italy a ship full of weapons and ammunition explodes in the port of Naples, killing 600.
- April 3 – Shipwrecked steward Poon Lim, BEM, is rescued by Brazilian fishermen after being adrift for 133 days.
- April 13 – WWII: Radio Berlin announces the discovery by Wehrmacht of mass graves of Poles killed by Soviets in the Katyn massacre.
- April 19
- History of lysergic acid diethylamide: Albert Hofmann self-administers the psychedelic drug LSD (which he first synthesized in 1938) for the first time in history and records the details of his experience.
- The Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins when Nazi troops enter the Warsaw Ghetto to round up remaining Jews.
- April 21 – WWII:
- April 25 – Easter occurs on the latest possible date (last time 1886; next time 2038) in the Western Christian Church.
- April 27 – The U.S. Federal Writers' Project ceases operation.
- May 6 – WWII: Six U-boats are sunk, after sinking 12 ships from Convoy ONS 5, in the last major North Atlantic U-boat "wolfpack" attack of the war.
- May 9–12 – Japanese troops carry out the Changjiao massacre in Changjiao, Hunan, China.
- May 11 – WWII: American troops invade Attu in the Aleutian Islands, in an attempt to expel occupying Japanese forces.
- May 12 – The Third Washington Conference ("Trident") begins in Washington, D.C., with Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill taking part.
- May 13 – WWII: German Afrika Korps and Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces.
- May 14 – WWII:
- May 15 – WWII:
- May 16–17 – WWII: Operation Chastise (the 'Dambuster Raid') takes place: No. 617 Squadron RAF use bouncing bombs to breach German dams in the Ruhr Valley.
- May 16 – Holocaust: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends. 13,000 Jews have been killed in the ghetto and almost all the remaining 50,000 residents are deported to Majdanek and Treblinka extermination camps.
- May 17 – WWII:
- The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the computer ENIAC.
- The Memphis Belle's crew becomes the first aircrew in the 8th Air Force to complete its 25-mission tour of duty. The aircraft and crew are the first to return to the U.S. intact for a War Bond drive.
- May 19 – Winston Churchill addresses a joint session of the United States Congress.
- May 23 – WWII: The battleship USS New Jersey (BB-62) is commissioned at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- May 24 – WWII: Admiral Karl Dönitz orders most of the U-boats to withdraw from the Atlantic Sea. Allied anti-submarine tactics are causing huge losses. Only 41 U-boats are operational for duty, Dönitz orders the suspension of all Atlantic operations.
- May 27 – The port city of Maizuru is founded in Japan.
- May 29 – Norman Rockwell's illustration of 'Rosie the Riveter' first appears, on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post.
- May 30 – WWII:
- Chinese 6th War Area commander Chen Cheng orders a large counteroffensive in Hubei Province and pushes the Japanese forces of the 11th Army back at multiple locations.
- The Holocaust: Josef Mengele begins his position as a medical officer in the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
- The Battle of Attu ends in the Aleutian Islands with an American victory over the Japanese forces there.
- June 1 – BOAC Flight 777, a scheduled passenger flight, is shot down over the Bay of Biscay by German Junkers Ju 88s; all 17 persons aboard perish, including actor Leslie Howard.
- June 3
- The Zoot Suit Riots erupt between military personnel and Mexican-American youths in East Los Angeles.
- The French Committee of National Liberation (Comité Français de Libération Nationale, CFLN) is formed with headquarters in Algiers and Generals Charles de Gaulle and Henri Giraud as co-presidents.
- June 4 – A military coup d'état in Argentina ousts Ramón Castillo.
- June 8 – WWII: Japanese battleship Mutsu is destroyed by an accidental magazine explosion, in Hashirajima anchorage.
- June 8–9 – WWII: Battle of Porta: The Royal Italian Army is defeated by the Greek People's Liberation Army.
- June 20–23 – The Detroit race riot of 1943 in the United States kills 34 people (25 African Americans, 9 whites), wounds hundreds more and damages and destroys property worth millions.
- June 21 – WWII: As part of Operation Animals, British Special Operations Executive saboteurs destroy the railway bridge over the Asopos River in "Operation Washing", and guerrillas of the Greek People's Liberation Army ambush and destroy a German convoy at the Battle of Sarantaporos.
- June 22 – WWII: The U.S. Army 45th Infantry Division lands in North Africa, prior to training at Arzew, French Morocco.
- June 30
- June (late) – The Holocaust: The last trainload of Jewish prisoners is moved from Bełżec extermination camp in Occupied Poland (for gassing at Sobibór), and for the remainder of the year the Nazis make efforts to obliterate the site.
- July 1 – The United States Women's Army Corps (WAC) is converted to full status.
- July 4 – 1943 Gibraltar B-24 crash: The aircraft carrying General Władysław Sikorski, Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile, crashes, killing him and 15 others, leading to a lasting controversy over the circumstances.
- July 5 – WWII:
- July 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the Battle of Kula Gulf off Kolombangara.
- July 10
- (0245 GMT (4:45 a.m. local time)) – WWII: Allied invasion of Sicily – The Allied invasion of Axis-controlled Europe begins, with landings on the island of Sicily off mainland Italy by the Seventh United States Army and the British Eighth Army, including the 1st Canadian Infantry Division.
- The Holocaust: Jedwabne pogrom – At least 340 Polish Jews are marched to a local barn, locked inside and subsequently burned to death.
- July 11 – WWII:
- July 12 – WWII: Main engagement of the Battle of Prokhorovka – The Wehrmacht and the Red Army fight to a draw in one of the largest tank battles in military history.
- July 17 – WWII: Soviet forces of the Southwestern- and Southern Front strike hard at the German defenses of the 9th Army under General Walter Model during Operation Kutuzov.
- July 19 – WWII: Rome is bombed by the Allies, for the first time in the war.
- July 24 – WWII: Operation Gomorrha: British and Canadian aeroplanes bomb Hamburg by night; American planes bomb the city by day. By the end of the operation in November, 9,000 tons of explosives will have killed more than 42,000 people and destroyed 280,000 buildings.
- July 25 – Benito Mussolini, Fascist Prime Minister of Italy since 1922, is arrested after the Grand Council of Fascism withdraws its support. "Il Duce" is replaced by General Pietro Badoglio.
- August 1 – Operation Tidal Wave: 177 B-24 Liberator bombers from the U.S. Army Air Force bomb oil refineries at Ploiești, Romania.
- August 2 – WWII: John F. Kennedy's PT boat PT-109 is run down by Japanese destroyer Amagiri.
- August 3 – Patton slapping incident: U.S. General George S. Patton Jr. slaps a soldier suffering from battle fatigue, at a field hospital in Sicily. On August 10, he slaps another soldier suffering from the same condition.
- August 4 – WWII: The aircraft carrier USS Intrepid (CV-11) is launched at Newport News, Virginia.
- August 5 – WWII:
- August 6 – WWII: Battle of Vella Gulf: Americans defeat a Japanese convoy off Kolombangara, as the U.S. Army drives the Japanese out of Munda airfield on New Georgia.
- August 11–17 – WWII: Operation Lehrgang: German and Italian forces evacuate from Sicily to the Italian mainland. The evacuation includes some 40,000 Wehrmacht troops, 9,000 vehicles, 30 tanks, and 90 heavy guns. Also, a total of 62,000 Italian troops are successfully evacuated. Despite Allied air attacks, losses are very low due to sufficient Axis anti-aircraft coverage.
- August 14
- WWII: Rome is declared an open city by the Italian government, with Italy offering to demilitarize the capital, in return for an Allied agreement not to bomb the city further.
- The Quadrant Conference begins in Quebec City; Canadian Prime Minister MacKenzie King meets with Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
- August 17 – WWII:
- The Seventh U.S. Army, under General George S. Patton, meets the Eighth British Army under Field Marshal B. L. Montgomery in Messina, Sicily, completing the Allied invasion of Sicily.
- Operation Hydra: The British Royal Air Force sets out to bomb the Peenemünde Army Research Center, to disrupt the German V-weapons programme.
- August 21 – 1943 Australian federal election: John Curtin's Labor government defeats the Country/UAP Coalition, led by former Prime Minister Arthur Fadden. Labor achieves its greatest ever electoral result, including winning every seat (except one) outside of the eastern states. Notably, this election marked the first time that a woman has been elected to both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Fadden will step down from the Opposition leadership, handing it over to Robert Menzies, who will go on to dissolve the UAP and form the Liberal Party shortly after.
- August 23 – WWII: The Battle of Kursk ends, with a strategic defeat for the German forces.
- August 24 – Heinrich Himmler is named Reichsminister of the Interior in Germany.
- August 26 – WWII: Louis Mountbatten is named Supreme Allied Commander for Southeast Asia.
- August 28 – WWII: King Boris III of Bulgaria dies under suspicious circumstances; his 6-year-old son, Simeon II, ascends to the throne.
- August 29 – WWII: Occupation of Denmark – Germany dissolves the Danish government, after it refuses to deal with a wave of strikes and disturbances to the satisfaction of the German authorities.
- September 3 – WWII: Allied invasion of Italy
- September 5 – WWII: US landing at Nadzab: The 503rd Parachute Regiment under Colonel George Jones lands and occupies Nadzab, just east of the port city of Lae, in northeastern Papua New Guinea.
- September 7 – Gulf Hotel fire: A fire at the Gulf Hotel in Houston, Texas kills 55.
- September 8
- September 9 – Bertolt Brecht's play Life of Galileo (German: Leben des Galilei) receives its first theatrical production, at the Schauspielhaus Zürich.
- September 12 – WWII: Gran Sasso raid – German paratroopers rescue Mussolini from imprisonment, in Unternehmen Eiche ("Operation Oak").
- September 16 – WWII: Salerno Mutiny – Soldiers of the British Army's X Corps refuse postings to new units.
- September 17 – WWII: Villefranche-de-Rouergue Mutiny – A group of pro-Partisan soldiers, led by Ferid Džanić and others within the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian), training in Occupied France, rise against Nazi German troops in the Division; the revolt is rapidly suppressed.
- September 21–26 – WWII: Massacre of the Acqui Division – German soldiers of the 1st Mountain Division (Wehrmacht) kill over 5,100 Italian military internees resisting disarmament on the Greek island of Cephalonia.
- September 22–October 2 – WWII: Landing at Scarlet Beach on the Huon Peninsula of New Guinea by Allied forces, the first time Australian troops have made an opposed amphibious landing since the Gallipoli Campaign of 1915.
- September 23 – WWII: The Italian Social Republic ("Republic of Salò") is founded in northern Italy as a puppet state of Nazi Germany.
- September 25 – WWII: The Russian city of Smolensk is liberated by Soviet forces as part of the successful Smolensk operation against German defenders.
- September 27 – WWII: Four days of Naples begins: a popular uprising drives German occupying forces from the city.
- October 1 – WWII: United States forces enter liberated Naples.
- October 3 – WWII: Nazi Wehrmacht forces commit the Lyngiades massacre in northwest Greece as an arbitrary reprisal.
- October 6 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Vella Lavella.
- October 7 – WWII: The Naples post-office bombing kills 100.
- October 10
- WWII: Double Tenth incident (Japanese occupation of Singapore): The Japanese military police, the Kempeitai, arrest and torture more than 50 civilians and civilian internees, on false suspicion of their involvement in a raid on Singapore Harbour during Operation Jaywick.
- The Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky is instituted in the Soviet Union.
- October 13 – WWII: The new government of Italy sides with the Allies and declares war on Germany.
- October 14
- WWII: During the Second Raid on Schweinfurt, the United States Eighth Air Force suffers so many losses, that it loses air supremacy over Germany for several months.
- The Holocaust: Uprising in Sobibór extermination camp; about half the inmates escape. Three days later, the camp is closed.
- José P. Laurel takes the oath of office as President of the Philippines (Second Philippine Republic).
- October 16 – The Holocaust: Raid of the Ghetto of Rome – Over a thousand Jews are rounded up in Rome by the Gestapo; only 16 will survive their deportation to Auschwitz concentration camp. The public silence of Pope Pius XII on the raid becomes a matter of historical controversy.
- October 17 – WWII:
- The last commerce raider, German auxiliary cruiser Michel, is sunk off Japan by United States submarine Tarpon.
- The Burma Railway is completed between Bangkok, Thailand and Rangoon, Burma (modern-day Myanmar) (415 km (258 mi)) by the Empire of Japan, to support its forces in the Burma campaign, using the forced labour of Asian civilians and Allied Prisoners of war.
- October 18 – WWII:
- Third Moscow Conference: A meeting takes place at the Kremlin between the British, American, and Soviet foreign ministers Anthony Eden, Cordell Hull and Vyacheslav Molotov. The USSR agrees to the full creation of a world peace organization with its Allies.
- Chiang Kai-shek takes the oath of office as Chairman of the National Government of China.
- October 19 – WWII: Allied aircraft sink the German-controlled cargo ship MS Sinfra in the Mediterranean, killing over 2,000 people, mostly Italian military internees.
- October 21 – Lucie Aubrac and others in her French Resistance cell liberate Raymond Aubrac from Gestapo imprisonment.
- October 22 – WWII: Bombing of Kassel in World War II: The British Royal Air Force delivers a highly destructive airstrike on the German industrial and population center of Kassel; at least 10,000 are killed and 150,000 are made homeless.
- October 24 – WWII: British Royal Navy destroyer HMS Eclipse (H08) is sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea, with the loss of 119 of the ship's company and 134 troops.
- October 30
- WWII: Signing of Moscow Declarations: the Declaration of the Four Nations on general security, by the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union and Republic of China; and the Declarations on Italy, Austria and Atrocities by the first three governments.
- The Merrie Melodies animated cartoon Falling Hare, one of the only shorts with Bugs Bunny getting out-smarted, is released in the United States.
- November 1 – WWII: Operation Goodtime: United States Marines land on Bougainville Island in the Solomon Islands.
- November 2 – WWII:
- November 3–4 – The Holocaust: Aktion Erntefest ("Operation Harvest Festival") – The largest single day massacre of Jews in the entire war takes place when over 43,000 Jews are shot-gunned to death by the SS, the Ordnungspolizei and the "Trawniki men" (Ukrainian collaborators) in Sonderdienst formations at the Majdanek, Trawniki and Poniatowa concentration camps in the General Government territory of occupied Poland.
- November 5 – WWII:
- Battle of the Dnieper: Soviet forces of the 4th Ukrainian Front under General Fyodor Tolbukhin overrun the area between the lower Dnieper and the Crimea. The German 6th Army pulls back across the river, leaving the bridgehead at Nikopol on the east bank. The Crimea is cut off from the rest of the German army.
- First Bombing of the Vatican – Four bombs are dropped on the neutral Vatican City; the aircraft responsible is never certainly identified.
- November 6 – WWII: The Ukrainian capital of Kiev is liberated by Soviet forces from its German occupiers as part of the Battle of Kiev.
- November 9 – An agreement for the foundation of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration is signed by 44 countries in the White House, Washington, D.C.
- November 10 – The Lübeck martyrs, four men of religion, are executed for supposedly treasonable views.
- November 14 – Leonard Bernstein, substituting at the last minute for ailing principal conductor Bruno Walter, directs the New York Philharmonic in its regular Sunday afternoon broadcast concert, over CBS Radio. The event receives front-page coverage in The New York Times the following day.
- November 15 – Porajmos: German SS leader Heinrich Himmler orders that Gypsies be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in Nazi concentration camps."
- November 16 – WWII:
- November 18 – WWII: Battle of Berlin – The British Royal Air Force opens its bombing campaign against Berlin with 440 planes, causing only light damage and killing 131. The RAF loses 9 aircraft and 53 aviators.
- November 19 – The Holocaust: Inmates of Janowska concentration camp, near Lwów (at this time in German-occupied Poland), stage a failed uprising, after which the SS liquidates the camp, resulting in at least 6,000 deaths.
- November 20 – WWII: Battle of Tarawa: United States Marines land on Tarawa and Makin atolls in the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati from 1979) and take heavy fire from Japanese shore guns.
- November 22–26 – WWII: Cairo Conference ("Sextant") – President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill and Chairman of the National Government of China Chiang Kai-shek meet at Cairo, Egypt, to discuss ways to defeat Japan in the Pacific War.
- November 22 – Lebanon gains independence, upon the ending of the French Mandate.
- November 23 – The Deutsches Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße, in the Berlin district of Charlottenburg, is destroyed in an air raid (it is reopened in 1961, as the Deutsche Oper Berlin).
- November 25 – WWII: Americans and Japanese fight the naval Battle of Cape St. George, between Buka and New Ireland.
- November 26 – WWII: British troopship HMT Rohna is sunk off the north African coast by a Luftwaffe Henschel Hs 293 radio controlled glide bomb, killing 1,015.
- November 27 – The 1943 Tosya–Ladik earthquake in Turkey kills thousands.
- November 28 – WWII: Tehran Conference: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin meet in Tehran, to discuss war strategy. On November 30, they establish an agreement concerning a planned June 1944 invasion of Europe, codenamed Operation Overlord.
- November 29 – The second session of AVNOJ, the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia, is held in Jajce, Bosnia and Herzegovina, to determine the post-war ordering of the country.
- December 2 – WWII: Bari chemical warfare disaster: A surprise Luftwaffe air raid on Bari, Italy sinks 28 Allied ships in the harbor, including the American Liberty ship SS John Harvey, releasing its secret cargo of mustard gas bombs, inflating the number of casualties.
- December 3
- December 4
- WWII: In Yugoslavia, resistance leader Marshal Tito proclaims a provisional democratic Yugoslav government-in-exile.
- With unemployment figures falling fast due to WWII-related employment, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt closes the Works Progress Administration.
- WWII: Bolivia declares war on Romania and Hungary.
- December 7 – Chiara Lubich starts the humanitarian Focolare Movement in Trento, Italy.
- December 13 – WWII: Massacre of Kalavryta – The occupying 117th Jäger Division (Wehrmacht) machine-guns all adult males from Kalavryta, Greece, subsequently burning the town.
- December 15 – WWII: American and Australian forces begin the Battle of Arawe as a diversion before a larger landing at Cape Gloucester on New Britain, in Papua New Guinea.
- December 20 – A military coup is staged in Bolivia.
- December 20–28 – WWII: Italian Campaign – Battle of Ortona: Canadian infantry defeat elite German paratroops.
- December 24 – WWII: U.S. General Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes Supreme Allied Commander Europe. He establishes the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force in London.
- December 26 – WWII: Battle of the North Cape – German battleship Scharnhorst is torpedoed and sunk in a night action north of the Arctic Circle by British battleship HMS Duke of York and her escorts with the loss of all but 36 of the German crew of 1,943 (including Admiral Erich Bey); this is the war's last action between big-gun capital ships of Britain and Germany.
- December 30 – Subhas Chandra Bose sets up a pro-Japanese Indian government at Port Blair, India.
- December 31 – The Times Square Ball in Times Square, New York City isn't dropped a second time. Instead, there was a moment of silence at midnight, followed by the sound of bells playing from sound trucks at the base of One Times Square.
- Bengal Famine.
- History of the cooperative movement: Father José María Arizmendiarrieta sets up a polytechnic school at Mondragón in the Spanish Basque Country (predecessor of the University of Mondragón), which inspires creation of the Mondragon Corporation.
- Arana Hall, a residential college of the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, is founded.
- Jacques-Yves Cousteau co-invents, with Émile Gagnan, the first commercially successful open circuit type of scuba diving equipment, the Aqua-lung.
- Martin Noth's groundbreaking work of Old Testament scholarship, Überlieferungsgeschichtliche Studien: Die sammelnden und bearbeitenden Geschichtswerke im Alten Testament, is published.
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 2 – Barış Manço, Turkish singer, television personality (d. 1999)
- January 4 – Doris Kearns Goodwin, American writer
- January 5 – James Goldstein, LA businessman, NBA basketball aficionado
- January 6 – Terry Venables, English footballer and manager (d. 2023)
- January 7 – Sadako Sasaki, Japanese atomic bomb sickness victim (d. 1955)
- January 9 – Scott Walker, American-born singer, composer and record producer (d. 2019)
- January 10 – Jim Croce, American surburbia musician (d. 1973)
- January 14
- January 15
- January 17
- January 18
- January 19
- January 22
- January 24
- January 25
- January 26 – Soad Hosny, Egyptian actress (d. 2001)
- February 3
- February 4 – Alberto João Jardim, Portuguese politician
- February 5
- February 7 – Gareth Hunt, English actor (d. 2007)
- February 8 – Creed Bratton, American actor, musician
- February 9
- February 10 – Walter B. Jones Jr., American politician (d. 2019)
- February 11 – Mohammad Rafiquzzaman, Bangladeshi lyricist
- February 12 – Wacław Kisielewski, Polish pianist (d. 1986)
- February 14 – Maceo Parker, American musician (James Brown, P-Funk)
- February 15 – Elke Heidenreich, German author, TV presenter and journalist
- February 18 – Graeme Garden, Scottish writer, comedian and actor
- February 19
- February 20
- February 21
- February 22
- February 23 – Fred Biletnikoff, American football player, coach
- February 24 – Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
- February 25
- February 26
- February 27 – Morten Lauridsen, American composer
- February 28 – Donnie Iris, American rock singer, guitarist (The Jaggerz, Wild Cherry, Donnie Iris and the Cruisers)
- March 1
- March 2
- March 3 – Trond Mohn, Norwegian billionaire
- March 4
- March 5
- March 8
- March 9
- March 11 - Ma'ruf Amin, Indonesian Islamic cleric and 13th Vice President of Indonesia
- March 12 – Ratko Mladic, Serbia military leader
- March 13 – André Téchiné, French film director
- March 14
- March 15
- March 16
- March 18
- March 19
- March 20
- March 21
- March 22
- March 23 – Lee May, American baseball player (d. 2017)
- March 24 – Kate Webb, New Zealand-born Australian war correspondent (d. 2007)
- March 25 – Paul Michael Glaser, American actor
- March 26 – Bob Woodward, American journalist
- March 28 – Conchata Ferrell, American actress (d. 2020)
- March 29
- March 30
- March 31
- April 2 – Caterina Bueno, Italian singer (d. 2007)
- April 4 – Isabel-Clara Simó, Spanish journalist and writer (d. 2020)
- April 5
- April 6 − Susan Tolsky, American actress and voice actress
- April 8
- April 10
- April 11 – Harley Race, American professional wrestler, promoter and trainer (d. 2019)
- April 13 – Doreen Tracey, British-born American actress (d. 2018)
- April 15
- April 16 – Petro Tyschtschenko, German businessman
- April 17 – Bobby Curtola, Canadian singer (d. 2016)
- April 19 – Claus Theo Gärtner, German actor
- April 20 – John Eliot Gardiner, English conductor
- April 21 – Napsiah Omar, Malaysian educator, politician (d. 2018)
- April 22
- April 23
- April 24 – Richard Sterban, American singer (The Oak Ridge Boys)
- April 25
- April 26 – Gary Wright, American singer, songwriter, musician and composer (d. 2023)
- April 28 – John O. Creighton, American astronaut
- April 29 – Sir Ian Kershaw, English historian
- April 30
- May 1
- May 2 – Mustafa Nadarević, Yugoslav and Bosnian actor and comedian (d. 2020)
- May 3 – Jim Risch, American politician
- May 5 – Michael Palin, English comedian, actor, and television presenter (Monty Python's Flying Circus)
- May 6 – Grange Calveley, British writer, artist (d. 2021)
- May 7
- May 8 – Danny Whitten, American musician (d. 1972)
- May 10 – Richard Darman, American federal government official, businessman (d. 2008)
- May 13 – Kurt Trampedach, Danish artist (d. 2013)
- May 14
- May 16 – Dan Coats, American politician and diplomat
- May 17
- May 20 – Imata Kabua, Marshallese politician, 2nd President of the Marshall Islands (d. 2019)
- May 22 – Betty Williams, Northern Irish political activist, co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 2020)
- May 24 – Gary Burghoff, American actor (M*A*S*H)
- May 25 – Jessi Colter, American singer, composer
- May 26 – Erica Terpstra, Dutch swimmer, politician and president of the Dutch Olympic Committee
- May 27
- May 29 – Ion Ciubuc, Moldovan politician (d. 2018)
- May 30 – James Chaney, African-American civil rights worker (d. 1964)
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2 – Ilayaraaja, Indian composer
- June 3
- June 4 – Joyce Meyer, Christian author, speaker
- June 6 – Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2005)
- June 7
- June 8
- June 11
- June 13 – Malcolm McDowell, English actor
- June 14
- June 15
- June 16
- June 17
- June 18
- June 21 – Marika Green, French-Swedish actress
- June 22
- June 23
- June 25
- Carly Simon, American singer-songwriter
- June 26
- June 27 – Rico Petrocelli, American baseball player
- June 28
- June 29
- June 30
- July 3
- July 4
- July 5
- July 6
- July 7
- July 8
- July 9
- July 10
- July 11
- July 12
- July 14
- July 15 – Jocelyn Bell Burnell, British astrophysicist
- July 16 – Reinaldo Arenas, Cuban writer (d. 1990)
- July 17
- July 18 – Jerry Chambers, American basketball player
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 22 – Kay Bailey Hutchison, American attorney, television correspondent, politician and diplomat
- July 23
- July 24 - John Bryson, American businessman and Former 37th US Secretary of Commerce (2011–12)
- July 25 – Erika Steinbach, German politician
- July 26 – Mick Jagger, English rock singer (The Rolling Stones)
- July 28
- July 29 – Bob Brunning, British musician (d. 2011)
- July 30 – Giovanni Goria, Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1994)
- August 2 – Max Wright, American actor (d. 2019)
- August 3
- August 4
- August 5 – Nelson Briles, American baseball player (d. 2005)
- August 6 – Jim Hardin, American baseball pitcher (Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees, Atlanta Braves) (d. 1991)
- August 8 – Luc Rosenzweig, French journalist (d. 2018)
- August 9 – Ken Norton, African-American boxer, actor (d. 2013)
- August 10
- August 11
- August 13 – Roberto Micheletti, President of Honduras
- August 15 – Glória Maria, Brazilian journalist, reporter and television host
- August 17
- August 18
- August 19 – Edwin Hawkins, African-American gospel musician, pianist (d. 2018)
- August 20 – Sylvester McCoy, Scottish actor
- August 22 – Nahas Angula, Prime Minister of Namibia
- August 23 – Pino Presti, Italian bassist, arranger, composer, conductor, record producer
- August 27 – Tuesday Weld, American actress
- August 28
- August 29 – Arthur B. McDonald, Canadian astrophysicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- August 30
- August 31 – Leonid Ivashov, Russian general
- September 5 – Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician, former DSWD Secretary (d. 2007)
- September 6
- September 7
- September 9 – Art LaFleur, American actor (d. 2021)
- September 10
- September 11
- September 13 – Mildred D. Taylor, American writer
- September 14
- September 16
- September 18 – Nina Wayne, American actress
- September 19 – Joe Morgan, American baseball player (d. 2020)
- September 20 – Sani Abacha, Nigerian Army officer and dictator (d. 1998)
- September 21
- September 22 – Toni Basil, American musician, video artist ("Mickey")
- September 23
- September 28 – J. T. Walsh, American actor (d. 1998)
- September 29
- September 30
- October 1
- October 2
- October 3 – Jeff Bingaman, American politician
- October 4 – Buddy Roemer, American politician, investor and banker (d. 2021)
- October 5
- October 6 – Michael Durrell, American actor
- October 7 – Oliver North, American military officer, military historian, political commentator, author and television host
- October 8
- October 11
- October 12
- October 14
- October 15 – Penny Marshall, American actress, director and producer (d. 2018)
- October 18
- October 22 – Catherine Deneuve, French actress
- October 24
- October 25 – Roy Lynes, English keyboardist
- October 27 – Carmen Argenziano, American actor (d. 2019)
- October 28 – Cornelia Froboess, German actress
- October 29 – Don Simpson, American film producer, screenwriter and actor (d. 1996)
- November 1 – Jacques Attali, French economist
- November 3 – Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician (d. 2011)
- November 4
- November 5
- November 7
- November 8 – Martin Peters, English footballer (d. 2019)
- November 11 – Doug Frost, Australian swimming coach
- November 12 – Wallace Shawn, American actor
- November 13
- November 14
- November 17 – Lauren Hutton, American actress, model
- November 19 – Aurelio Monteagudo, Cuban Major League Baseball player (d. 1990)
- November 20
- November 21 – Larry Mahan, American rodeo cowboy
- November 22
- November 23 – Denis Sassou Nguesso, President of the Republic of the Congo
- November 24
- November 25 – Dante Caputo, Argentine diplomat, politician (d. 2018)
- November 26 – Marilynne Robinson, American writer
- November 28
- November 30 – Terrence Malick, American film director
- December 2
- December 5
- December 8
- December 11 – John Kerry, American politician, 68th U.S. Secretary of State
- December 12
- December 13
- December 14
- December 15 – Lucien den Arend, Dutch sculptor
- December 16 – Steven Bochco, American television producer (d. 2018)
- December 17
- December 18 – Keith Richards, English rock guitarist, songwriter (The Rolling Stones)
- December 19
- December 20 – Jacqueline Pearce, English screen actress (d. 2018)
- December 21 – Jack Nance, American actor (d. 1996)
- December 22 – Paul Wolfowitz, American political scientist
- December 23
- December 24
- December 25 – Hanna Schygulla, German actress
- December 27 – Sam Hinds, 3-Time Prime Minister of Guyana
- December 28
- December 31
|January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December|
- January 1 – Madeline Barclay, French SOE espionage agent (b. 1911)
- January 2
- January 3
- January 4
- January 5 – George Washington Carver, African-American botanist (b. c. 1864)
- January 7
- January 8 – Richard Hillary, Australian-born British Battle of Britain Spitfire pilot, author (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1919)
- January 9 – R. G. Collingwood, English philosopher, historian and archaeologist (b. 1889)
- January 10 – Lewis Hall, American soldier (killed on active service) (b. 1895)
- January 11 – Agustín Pedro Justo, Argentinian military officer, diplomat and politician, 23rd President of Argentina (b. 1876)
- January 12 – Jan Campert, Dutch journalist, writer (in Neuengamme concentration camp) (b. 1902)
- January 13
- January 14 – Laura E. Richards, American author (b. 1850)
- January 15 – Eric Knight, American author (b. 1897)
- January 16 – Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, 1st Baronet, British surgeon (b. 1856)
- January 17
- January 18 – Urban Jacob Rasmus Børresen, Norwegian admiral and industry leader (b. 1857)
- January 19 – William Pettigrew, British Christian missionary (b. 1869)
- January 20
- January 21
- January 22 – Gyula Peidl, 23rd Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1873)
- January 23 – Alexander Woollcott, American critic (b. 1887)
- January 26
- January 29
- Henriette Caillaux, French murderer, socialite and wife of former French prime minister (b. 1874)
- Vladimir Kokovtsov, 4th Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Russian Empire (b. 1853)
- February 1 – Foy Draper, American Olympic athlete (killed in action) (b. 1911)
- February 2
- February 4
- February 5
- February 9
- February 10
- February 11 – Bess Houdini, American wife of Harry Houdini (b. 1876)
- February 14 – David Hilbert, German mathematician (b. 1862)
- February 15 – Charles Bennett, American actor (b. 1889)
- February 16 – Paul Ranous Greever, American politician (b. 1891)
- February 18 – Sir Reginald Pinney, British army general (b. 1863)
- February 19 – Jan Piekałkiewicz, Polish economist, statistician and politician (b. 1892)
- February 20
- February 22
- Tamara Drasin, Russian-born American singer, actress (b. 1905)
- Christoph Probst, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1919)
- Ben Robertson, American novelist, journalist and war correspondent (b. 1903)
- Hans Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1918)
- Sophie Scholl, German White Rose resistance member (executed) (b. 1921)
- February 23
- February 26 – Theodor Eicke, German Nazi official (killed in action) (b. 1892)
- February 27 – Maria Josefa Karolina Brader, Swiss Roman Catholic religious professed and blessed (b. 1860)
- March 1 – Alexandre Yersin, Swiss-French physician and bacteriologist (b. 1863)
- March 2 – Gisela Januszewska, Austrian physician (in Theresienstadt concentration camp) (b. 1867)
- March 3 – Rafael López Nussa, Puerto Rican physician (b. 1885)
- March 6 – Jimmy Collins, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1870)
- March 8
- March 9 – Otto Freundlich, German painter, sculptor (killed in Majdanek concentration camp) (b. 1878)
- March 10
- March 12
- March 13 – Jaap Nunes Vaz, Dutch journalist, writer and editor (killed in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1906)
- March 19 – Frank Nitti, Italian-born American gangster (suicide) (b. 1886)
- March 20
- March 22 – Hans Woellke, German Olympic athlete (killed by partisans) (b. 1911)
- March 23 – Mervyn Herbert, Viscount Clive, British peer, army officer (killed on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1904)
- March 27 – George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, British politician, 5th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1882)
- March 28
- Ben Davies, British tenor (b. 1858)
- Lorenzo Gasparri, Italian admiral (killed on active service in accidental explosion) (b. 1894)
- Edward Heron-Allen, British polymath, lawyer, scientist and scholar (b. 1861)
- Robert W. Paul, British film director (b. 1869)
- Sergei Rachmaninoff, Soviet composer (b. 1873)
- March 30 – Maria Restituta Kafka, German Roman Catholic religious sister and blessed (executed) (b. 1894)
- March 31 – Pavel Milyukov, exiled Russian politician, founder and leader of the Constitutional Democratic Party (b. 1859)
- April 1 – Vahida Maglajlić, Yugoslav partisan, national hero (killed in combat) (b. 1907)
- April 3 – Conrad Veidt, German actor (b. 1893)
- April 5 – W. G. Howard Gritten, British barrister, writer and conservative politician (b. 1870)
- April 6 – Alexandre Millerand, French politician, 41st Prime Minister of France and 11th President of France (b. 1859)
- April 7 – Auguste Audollent, French historian, archaeologist (b. 1864)
- April 8
- April 9 – Philip Slier, Dutch Jewish typesetter (in Sobibór extermination camp) (b. 1923)
- April 11 – Kim Myeong-sik, Korean independence activist (b. 1890)
- April 13 – Oskar Schlemmer, German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer (b. 1888)
- April 16 – Carlos Arniches, Spanish playwright (b. 1866)
- April 18 – Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral (b. 1884)
- April 21 – Rihard Jakopič, Yugoslav painter (b. 1869)
- April 24
- April 30
- May 1 – Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader, founder of Brunstad Christian Church (b. 1871)
- May 3 – Frank Maxwell Andrews, American general (plane crash) (b. 1884)
- May 4
- May 5
- May 7 – Fethi Okyar, Turkish diplomat, politician and 2nd Prime Minister of Turkey (b. 1880)
- May 8 – Miroslav Šalom Freiberger, Yugoslav rabbi, writer and spiritual leader (killed at Auschwitz concentration camp) (b. 1903)
- May 14
- May 15 – Horst Hannig, German Luftwaffe fighter ace (b. 1921)
- May 17
- May 19 – Kristjan Raud, Soviet painter, drawer (b. 1865)
- May 20 – John Stone Stone, American physicist, inventor (b. 1869)
- May 22 – Helen Taft, First Lady of the United States (b. 1861)
- May 24 – Johannes Orasmaa, Estonian army general (in labour camp) (b. 1890)
- May 25 – Ali Rikabi, 1st Prime Minister of Syria, 2-time Prime Minister of Jordan (b. 1864)
- May 26 – Edsel Ford, American businessman, president of Ford Motor Company (b. 1893)
- May 27 – Gordon Coates, 21st Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1878)
- May 31
- June 1
- June 2 – Nile Kinnick, American athlete, Heisman Trophy winner (died on active service in aviation accident) (b. 1918)
- June 3 – Osgood Hanbury, British pilot (killed on active service) (b. 1917)
- June 4
- June 10 – Sultan Abdelaziz of Morocco (b. 1878)
- June 12 – Hans Junkermann, German actor (b. 1872)
- June 26 – Karl Landsteiner, Austrian biologist, physician (b. 1868)
- June 28 – Pietro Porcelli, Italian sculptor (b. 1872)
- June 30 – Kristian Kristiansen, Norwegian explorer (b. 1865)
- July 2 – Alice Mary Dowd, American educator and poet (b. 1855)
- July 4
- Cevat Abbas Gürer, Turkish army officer (b. 1887)
- Gordon Sidney Harrington, Canadian politician (b. 1883)
- Zofia Leśniowska, Polish army officer (aviation accident) (b. 1912)
- Władysław Sikorski, Polish prime minister in exile (aviation accident) (b. 1881)
- Charles Stevenson, American silent film actor (b. 1887)
- July 5
- July 6
- July 8
- July 11 – Eugen Lovinescu, Romanian critic, academic and novelist (b. 1881)
- July 12 – Cecilia Loftus, Scottish-born actress (b. 1876)
- July 13
- Lorenzo Barcelata, Mexican composer (b. 1898)
- Marianna Biernacka, Polish Roman Catholic religious sister, martyr and blessed (killed) (b. 1888)
- Luz Long, German long jump athlete (killed in action) (b. 1913)
- Alexander Schmorell, Russian-born German White Rose resistance member, Orthodox Church passion bearer and saint (executed) (b. 1917)
- July 14 – Mariya Borovichenko, Soviet medical officer (killed in action) (b. 1925)
- July 16 – Saul Raphael Landau, Polish Jewish lawyer, journalist, publicist and Zionist activist (b. 1870)
- July 19
- July 20
- July 21
- July 23 – Mario Nicolis di Robilant, Italian general (b. 1855)
- July 26 – Luis Barros Borgoño, Chilean politician (b. 1858)
- July 28 – Charles Granval, French actor (b. 1882)
- July 29 – William Ewart Hart, Australian aviator, dentist (b. 1885)
- July 30 – Max Eitingon, Belarusian-German medical doctor and psychoanalyst (b. 1881)
- July 31
- August 1
- August 5
- August 9
- August 12 – Bobby Peel, English cricketer (b. 1857)
- August 14 – Joe Kelley, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1871)
- August 18 – Hans Jeschonnek, German general (suicide) (b. 1899)
- August 21 – Henrik Pontoppidan, Danish writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1857)
- August 22 – Virgilio Dávila, Puerto Rican poet, educator, businessman and politician (b. 1869)
- August 24
- August 26 – Ted Ray, British golfer (b. 1877)
- August 27
- August 28 – King Boris III of Bulgaria (b. 1894)
- August 29 – Baba Nand Singh ji, Punjabi Sikh religious leader, saint (b. 1870)
- August 31 – Gustav Bachmann, German naval officer, admiral (b. 1860)
- September 1 – Charles Atangana, Cameroonian chief (b. c.1880)
- September 2 – Marsden Hartley, American Modernist artist (b. 1877)
- September 6 – Reginald McKenna, British Chancellor of the Exchequer 1915–1916 (b. 1863)
- September 7
- September 8 – Julius Fučík, Czech resistance fighter (executed) (b. 1903)
- September 9
- September 13
- September 17 – (killed in Ponary massacre)
- September 19 – Germaine Cernay, French mezzo-soprano (b. 1900)
- September 23
- September 26 - Henri Fertet, French Resistance fighter (b. 1926)
- September 28
- September 27 – Willoughby Hamilton, Irish tennis player (b. 1864)
- September 29 – Mariano Goybet, French army general (b. 1861)
- September 30
- October 2
- October 4 – Irena Iłłakowicz, Polish general (murdered) (b. 1906)
- October 5 – Leon Roppolo, American jazz clarinetist (b. 1902)
- October 6 – Ignaz Trebitsch-Lincoln, Hungarian adventurer (b. 1879)
- October 7 – Prince Christoph of Hesse (aviation accident) (b. 1901)
- October 8
- October 9 – Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
- October 12 – Max Wertheimer, Austro-Hungarian psychologist (b. 1880)
- October 14
- October 15 – William Penhallow Henderson, American painter, architect and furniture designer (b. 1877)
- October 18 – Margaret Bartholomew, American Civil Air Patrol officer (aviation accident on mission) (b. 1903)
- October 19 – Camille Claudel, French sculptor (b. 1864)
- October 21 – Sir Dudley Pound, British admiral (b. 1877)
- October 22 – Sir Reginald Hall, British admiral (b. 1870)
- October 23
- October 24 – Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, Canadian poet, lawyer (b. 1912)
- October 26 – Joseph E. Widener, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1871)
- October 28 – Sir Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born British archaeologist (b. 1862)
- October 30 – Max Reinhardt, Austrian director (b. 1873)
- November 5
- November 7 – Dwight Frye, American character actor (b. 1899)
- November 9 – Grand Duke Boris Vladimirovich of Russia (b. 1877)
- November 10 – Blessed Lübeck martyrs, German Roman Catholic priests (executed):
- November 13 – Maurice Denis, French painter (b. 1870)
- November 14 – Gurie Grosu, Romanian Orthodox priest and metropolitan (b. 1877)
- November 19 – Baruch Lopes Leão de Laguna, Dutch painter (b. 1864)
- November 22
- November 23 – Charles Ray, American actor (b. 1891)
- November 24
- November 25 – Renato Cialente, Italian film actor (b. 1897)
- November 26
- November 28 – Aleksander Hellat, Soviet politician (b. 1881)
- November 29 – Zsolt Harsányi, Hungarian author, dramatist, translator and writer (b. 1887)
- December 1
- December 2 – Nordahl Grieg, Norwegian poet, novelist, journalist and activist (killed in action as war correspondent) (b. 1902)
- December 6 – G. O. Smith, English sportsman (b. 1872)
- December 7 – Hamilton Lamb, Australian politician, soldier (in Japanese POW camp) (b. 1900)
- December 8 – Donald Mackintosh, British clergyman, Roman Catholic bishop and reverend (b. 1876)
- December 9
- December 10 – Charles Belcher, American film actor (b. 1872)
- December 13 – Erich Garske, German political activist (executed) (b. 1907)
- December 14 – John Harvey Kellogg, American physician, nutritionist (b. 1852)
- December 15 – Fats Waller, African-American jazz pianist (pneumonia) (b. 1904)
- December 18 – Hector Gray, British Royal Air Force officer (executed in Japanese Prisoner of War camp) (b. 1911)
- December 20 – Edward L. Beach Sr., American naval officer, author (b. 1867)
- December 22 – Beatrix Potter, British children's author, illustrator (b. 1866)
- December 23 – Sir Frederic Fisher, British admiral (b. 1851)
- December 25 – William Irving, German-born American film actor (b. 1893)
- December 26 – Erich Bey, German admiral (killed in action) (b. 1898)
- December 27
- December 30 – Hobart Bosworth, American film actor, director, writer and producer (b. 1867)
- Physics – Otto Stern
- Chemistry – George de Hevesy
- Physiology or Medicine – Carl Peter Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy
- Literature – not awarded
- Peace – not awarded
- Frank, Richard (1990). Guadalcanal: The Definitive Account of the Landmark Battle, pp. 553–554. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-58875-4.
- Kohlhoff, Dean (2011). Amchitka and the bomb; nuclear testing in Alaska. University of Washington Press. ISBN 9780295800509.
- Glantz, David M. (1995). When Titans Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler, pp. 143–147. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. ISBN 0-70060-899-0.
- Levine, Alan (2012). From Axis Victories to the Turn of the Tide: World War II, 1939-1943. Potomac Books. p. 188.
- Waters, John M. Jr., CAPT USCG (December 1966), Stay Tough, United States Naval Institute Proceedings
- Rooney, David (2000). Wingate and the Chindits, p. 81. London: Cassell Military Paperbacks. ISBN 0-304-35452-X.
- "The Eruption of Parícutin (1943–1952)". How Volcanoes Work. Archived from the original on June 4, 2007. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- "Parícutin, Mexico". Volcano World. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- "Parícutin: The Birth of a Volcano". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 194. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
- Copeland, B. Jack, ed. (2006). Colossus: the Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284055-4.
- Caidin, Martin (1978) . The Ragged, Rugged Warriors. Bantam. p. 37.
The American and Australian planes swept up and down the Bismarck Sea, shooting at any sign of life. Cannon shells and streams of bullets tore into Japanese on life rafts.
- Mallison, Sally V.; Mallison, W. Thomas. Roberson, Horace B. Jr. (ed.). "Chapter IX, Naval Targeting: Lawful Objects of Attack". International Law Studies. 64: 257.
Once the ships were sunk, the U.S. Armed Forces followed practices, much criticized when the offenders were German or Japanese, of killing as many of the helpless survivors in the water as possible.
- Chary, Frederick B. (1972). The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution, 1940–1944. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-3251-2.
- Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 196. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
- "HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
- Warren, C. E. T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap.
- Ford, Ken (2012). The Mareth Line 1943: The End in Africa 1941–43. Oxford: Osprey. ISBN 978-1-78200-299-4.
- Hofmann, Albert. "LSD — My Problem Child". The Psychedelic Library. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
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